Romanian Orthodox Church
The Romanian Orthodox Church is a Church of apostolic origins, born out of the mission of St Andrew the Apostle, who preached the Word of the Gospel also in the old Roman province of Scythia Minor, the territory between the Danube and the western part of the Black Sea, present Dobrogea (south-east of Romania).
On 25 April 1885, the Romanian Orthodox Church became autocephal (self-governing) and on 25 February 1925 she was elevated to the rank of Patriarchate, being in dogmatic, liturgical and canonical communion with the other Sister Orthodox Churches.
According the last census, (2002), Romania has a population of 21,794,793 inhabitants, of which 86,7 % declared themselves as Christian Orthodox.
The Romanian Orthodox Church is organised as Patriarchate and comprises:
within the country: 6 Metropolitanates, made up of Archdioceses and Dioceses, with a total of 13,527 parishes, served by 14,513 priests and deacons, in 15,218 places of worship;
for the Romanian Orthodox from abroad, there are 3 Metropolitanates (made up of 3 Archdioceses and 6 Dioceses) in Europe; an Archdiocese on the American continent and a Diocese of Australia and New Zealand.
A) Central Organisation
The Holy Synod is the highest authority of the Romanian Orthodox Church in all her matters of activity. The Holy Synod is made up of the Patriarch, as president, and all metropolitans, archbishops, bishops, assistant bishops to the Patriarch and assistant bishops in function.
The deliberative central body of the Romanian Orthodox Church for all administrative, social, cultural, economical and patrimonial issues is the National Church Assembly, made up of three representatives of each diocese or archdiocese (a clergy and two lay persons), appointed by the respective diocesan assemblies for a term of four years. The members of the Holy Synod take part in it with deliberative vote.
The central executive body, both of the Holy Synod and of the National Church Assembly, is the National Church Council, made up of twelve members of the National Church Assembly (one clergy and one lay person representing each metropolitanate from Romania, designated for a term of four years). The members of the Holy Synod may take part in it with deliberative vote.
The Primate of the Romanian Orthodox Church is His Beatitude Patriarch DANIEL, elected on 12 September 2007 and enthroned as the 6th Patriarch of Romania on 30 September 2007.
B) Local Organisation
The administrative units of the Romanian Orthodox Church are:
eparchy (archdiocese and diocese);
2. Monastic Life
The Romanian Orthodox Church has 637 monasteries and skates with more than 8,000 monks and nuns.
3. Theological Education
The Romanian Orthodox Church comprises:
33 Theological Seminaries at high school level;
11 Faculties of Theology and 4 Departments of Theology, which are part of the state university education system, having 9,365 students in several specialities
More than 10,000 professors teach religious education in state schools